How does the Knee joint work?
Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint. Arthroscopy is a term that comes from two Greek words, arthro-, meaning joint, and -skopein, meaning to examine.
The benefits of arthroscopy involve smaller incisions, faster healing, a more rapid recovery, and less scarring. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient is able to return home on the same day.
Find out more about knee arthroscopy from the following links.
Arthroscopic knee surgery is a very successful procedure to relieve pain and improve function of the knee.
Find out more about potential complications of knee arthroscopy from the following link.
After knee arthroscopy recovery is usually fairly rapid. The knee is initially swollen and painful and it is advisable to rest and ice the knee for at least 3 days before attempting to be too active. Stay around the house, relax, work on gentle range of motion.
Find out more about recovery from knee arthroscopy from the following link.
Typically, you will be asked to arrive at the hospital or surgery center several hours before the planned procedure. Please make sure you have a photo ID, your insurance card, and your history and physical.
After you get checked in, you will be put in a hospital gown and an IV will be started. Typically, you will receive pre-op medicines, including an antibiotic, thru the IV. You will meet the anesthesiologist, a kind of doctor who specializes in managing patients and providing anesthesia during surgery.
After surgery your surgeon will go over the findings with your family or the person or people with you. Most of the time you will be too groggy to remember much so clear, written instructions are provided. This website will also have the post-op instructions. In all cases, please feel free to call (513) 246-2300 at any time if there are questions or concerns.
A total knee replacement (TKR) or total knee arthroplasty is a surgery that resurfaces arthritic knee joint with an artificial metal or plastic replacement parts called the ‘prostheses’.
Find out more about total knee replacement with the following links.
The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the major stabilizing ligaments in the knee. It is a strong rope like structure located in the center of the knee running from the femur to the tibia. When this ligament tears unfortunately it doesn’t heal and often leads to the feeling of instability in the knee.
ACL reconstruction is a commonly performed surgical procedure and with recent advances in arthroscopic surgery can now be performed with minimal incision and low complication rates.
This simply means that only a part of the knee joint is replaced through a smaller incision than would normally be used for a total knee replacement. The knee joint is made up of 3 compartments, the patellofemoral and medial and lateral compartments between the femur and tibia (i.e. the long bones of the leg). Often only one of these compartments wears out, usually the medial one. If you have symptoms and X-ray findings suggestive of this then you may be suitable for this procedure.
Find out more about unicondylar knee replacement with the following links.
This means that complete or a part of your previous knee replacement needs to be revised. This operation varies from a very minor adjustment to a massive operation replacing significant amount of bone and hence is difficult to describe in full.
Find out more about revision knee replacement with the following links.
The ilio-tibial band is a skinny little muscle and tendon that runs from your ilium (a bone that makes up one of the wings of your pelvis) over the outside of your hip to the outside of your tibia.
Find out more about ilio-tibial band syndrome with the following links.
The glenoid labrum is the rubber-like gasket that goes around the rim of the shoulder socket. It deepens the socket and helps with stability of the shoulder. The long head of the biceps attaches to the top of the socket into the labrum.
Find out more about labral repair with the following links.
These are terms commonly used in knee arthroscopy. To understand what they mean we need to understand some basic anatomy of the knee. The menisci (plural of meniscus) are 2 c-shaped rubber gaskets that serve as shock absorbers to the knee
Find out more about meniscal repair, menisectomy & chondroplasty with the following links.
Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.