Athletes with shoulder instability injuries often undergo shoulder stabilization surgery to return to sport (RTS) and perform at their preinjury activity level.
Rotator cuff muscles may be small, but they're majorly important. When it comes to workout routines, most people tend to focus on muscle groups that they can see or feel working immediately—legs, butt, abs, and arms. Smaller muscle groups, on the other hand, tend to be an afterthought (if they're even a thought at all).
The part of the body we call the shoulder consists of several joints that work with tendons and muscles to allow the arm to move in many directions. We can bowl a perfect game or reach the top shelf thanks to this system of joints, muscles and tendons. However, it is possible to overextend the shoulder and end up with pain. When your shoulder is painful, everyday life activities become difficult.
Studying pitchers in highly competitive softball leagues, Smith, associate professor of orthopedics, and his colleagues found that 40 percent had some type of shoulder or arm injury during the season. And when the researchers looked more closely, they found that part of the reason may be that softball pitchers frequently pitch several games in succession, particularly during tournaments.
"Drinking only to thirst typically leads to significant dehydration, which is associated with exercise performance impairment," said study author Stavros Kavouras, a professor and director of the Hydration Science Lab at the University of Arkansas.
Despite improvements in clinical outcomes and a low incidence of retears among patients who underwent either immediate or delayed surgical repair of a partial-thickness rotator cuff tear, results published in the American Journal of Sports Medicine showed delayed surgery yielded superior functional outcomes at 6 months postoperatively.